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新概念第一册笔记(转载)[已扎口]

2021年10月13日20百度已收录

新概念第一册笔记

  新概念一笔记

  现在有第二册的笔记了。我就把我做的第一册笔记也慢慢贴上来吧。

  以下是新概念英语第一册(新版)的笔记,本册共分成46个课时讲解。

  第一册介绍:学习英语的敲门砖

  【一册基础篇】学习英语的敲门砖(“First Things First“ 英语初阶)

  本书是练好英语基本功最好的学习书籍。从基本的发音、重音和语调开始,让您逐步学会使用英语中的基本词汇、语法及句型结构。学好第一册,是练好英语基本功的关键,掌握了第一册,您才真正踏进了英语之门。适合于零起点或英语基础差,欲在短期内掌握英语基础的学习者,如中学生或及成年初学者,同时也可以帮助你进一步巩固所学的知识。

  第一册的内容看似简单,其实大部分的场景对话和口语基本句型都包括其中,同时,第一册的800词汇全部是英语日常用语中出现频率最高的词汇,学习者不仅应该认识,更要能在任何场合都做到脱口而出,做到积极的掌握。对于一个从未学习过英语的学习者而言,需要花费较长的时间打好基础。更何况,在新东方的网络课堂中增加了大量的语音、语调的训练内容,更需要学习者用一个较的时间培养良好的发音习惯,为今后的学习树立的一个正确的开始。

  【所需知识背景】

  从零开始,无需任何基础知识。第一册从最基本的单词,句型教起,从拼写到发音,无所不包。当然,如果初学者已有一定的简单语法、词汇基础将更有助于学习的进行。

  第一课听课笔记

  补充材料

  英文26个字母:

  A B C D E F G

  H I J K L M N

  O P Q R S T

  U V W X Y Z

  五个元音字母:Aa Ee Ii Oo Uu

  字母歌:

  ABCD EFG HIJK LMN OPQ RST

  UVW XYZ, XYZ now you see, I can say my ABC.

  英文中有48个音标,分为元音和辅音。

  20个元音,28个辅音。

  元音分为:长元音,短元音,双元音,单元音。

  元音:┌单元音┬前元音(4个):/i:/、/i/、/e/、/A/

  │ ├中元音(3个):/E:/、/E/、/Q/

  │ └后元音(5个):/B:/、/C/、/C:/、/J/、/J:/

  └双元音

  发/i:/的单词:

  bee 蜜蜂

  tea 茶

  pea 扁豆

  key 钥匙

  see 看见

  three 三

  清辅音:/s/,/W/

  浊辅音:/z/,/T/

  发/i/的单词:

  big 大的

  city 城市

  with 和

  family 家,家庭

  happy 快乐的,愉快的,高兴的

  little 小的

  family 侧重家庭的成员 There are four people in my family.

  home 抽象的家的概念

  home road 《我的父亲母亲》

  house 房子,一般指独立的院落,更具体的指房子的建筑,结构(以后再详细解释)

  发/e/的单词:

  bed 床

  beg 乞求

  red 红色的

  men 男人(复数)

  never 从来不

  very 非常的

  发/A/的单词:

  bad 坏的

  bag 包

  dad 爸爸

  man 男人,人类(man can conquer nature 人定胜天)

  back 后部,背部

  cat 猫

  试读下列句子:

  I often see that man in the street.

  我经常在街上看到那个男的。

  He has a very happy family.

  他有一个非常幸福的家庭。

  A man is sitting on the desk.

  一个男的正坐在桌子上。

  You see the green leaves on the tree.

  你在树上可以看见绿叶。

  Tim ran back to get the black hat and the red bag.

  蒂姆跑回去拿到了黑色的帽子和红色的包。

  Nothing to fear but fear itself.

  除了恐惧本身之外没有什么可以恐惧的。

  一些谚语(主要练习口腔肌肉,请熟读):

  a bad apple 一个坏苹果,坏蛋,惹麻烦,不诚实的人

  Big Apple 大苹果,纽约的别称

  a fat cat 肥猫,暴发户(贬义)

  a hot potato 棘手的问题

  A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush. 双鸟在林不如一鸟在手。

  A friend in need is a friend indeed. 患难之交才是真朋友。

  God helps those who help themselves. 天助自助者。

  地道情景表达:

  -- Hi!/ Hello!/ Hullo!/ How do you do?

  -- (Good) morning/ afternoon/ evening!

  -- How are you?/ How are you going?/ How are you all keeping?

  最近你们好吗?

  -- Fine/ well. Thank you. And you?/ What about you?/ How about you?

  -- Not too bad!/ Pretty good!/ Couldn’t be better!/ Just so-so./ I’m just my oldself!

  还不坏! 非常好! 好得不能再好了! 凑合吧! 我还是老样子!

  -- Nice/ Glad / Pleased to see/ meet you!

  meet 强调第一次见面

  see 强调第二次见面,老朋友见面

  -- Nice to see you, too./ Same here!

  见到你也很高兴!

  我也很高兴!

  -- It’s my pleasure/ honor to see you! 见到你很荣幸!

  pleasure 幸福,快乐

  honor 荣耀,荣誉

  -- Haven’t seen you for ages/ for a long time.

  很久都没有见到你了。

  -- Long time no see.

  第二课听课笔记

  首先,我们学习两个格言:

  Life is happier if it is full of pretty people.

  生命是非常美好的,如果生活中充满了非常有趣的人的话。

  Life is just a field of newly fallen snow, and where you choose to walk every step will show.

  人生就像刚刚下过雪的一片田野,你从哪里选择走路,你的每一个脚印都会显现出来。

  Lesson 1 Excuse me!

  生词和短语:

  Excuse v. 原谅

  me pron. 我(宾格)

  yes adv. 是的

  is v. be动词现在时第三人称单数

  this pron. 这

  your possessive adjective 你的,你们的

  handbag n. (女用)手提包

  pardon int. 原谅,请再说一遍

  it pron. 它

  thank you 感谢你(们)

  very much 非常地

  Excuse me用法:

  1、向陌生人问路时

  2、引起对方注意时

  3、在某个聚会中突然中途要离开一会儿时

  4、在发生一个简单的不算太错的错误时

  sorry 对不起,用于对别人有伤害时

  人称代词 主格 宾格 形容词性的物主代词 名词性的物主代词

  我(们) I me my mine

  你(们) you you your yours

  他(们) he him his his

  她(们) she her her hers

  主格一般做主语,放在句首

  宾格做宾语,放在动词或者介词之后

  形容词性的物主代词不能单独使用,后面必须跟名词或其它的词,组成相当于汉语中的偏正词组

  名词性的物主代词是单独使用的

  This is my pen. 这是我的钢笔。

  This pen is mine. 这只笔是我的。

  Yes 读降调表示对某件事情的认同,读升调表示询问

  v. verb 动词

  adj. adjective 形容词

  adv. adverb 副词

  pron. pronoun 代词

  prep. preposition 介词

  n. noun 名词

  conj. conjunction 连词

  be动词有am,is,are

  am只能跟在第一人称的单数I后面

  is 跟在第三人称单数he,she后面

  be动词的基本意思:是

  she is,he is,it is,Tim is

  are搭配you,不管是单数还是复数

  you are,we are,they are

  I am --- I’m

  she is --- she’s

  he is --- he’s

  it is --- it’s

  Tim is --- Tim’s

  you are --- you’re

  we are --- we’re

  they are --- they’re

  含有be动词的简单的陈述句,否定句,一般疑问句

  This is my handbag. 这是我的手提包。

  含有be动词的句子如果变否定句,就是在be动词后面加not

  This is not my handbag. 这不是我的手提包。

  含有be动词的句子,如果变一般疑问句,就把be动词提到句子的前面,大写

  Is this my handbag? 这是我的手提包吗?

  Is this your handbag?

  book 书本 watch手表 pen钢笔 car小汽车

  Yes, it is. 是的。

  No, it isn’t. 不是。

  This is my book. 这是我的书。

  This is not my book. 这不是我的书。

  Is this your book? 这是你的书吗?

  Yes, it is. 是的。

  ★ Text

  Excuse me.

  Yes?

  Is this you handbag?

  Pardon?

  Is this you handbag?

  Yes, it is.

  Thank you very much.

  Lesson 2 Is this your…?

  pen n. 钢笔

  pencil n. 铅笔

  book n. 书

  watch n. 手表

  coat n. 上衣,外衣

  dress n. 连衣裙

  skirt n. 裙子

  car n. 小汽车

  house n. 房子

  Lesson 3 Sorry, sir.

  umbrella n. 伞

  please int. 请

  here adv. 这里

  my possessive adjective 我的

  ticket n. 票

  number n. 号码

  five num. 五

  sorry adj. 对不起的

  sir n. 先生

  cloakroom n. 衣帽存放处

  here是地点副词

  there 那儿

  home 家

  abroad 国外

  downstairs 楼底下

  upstairs 楼上

  downtown 市中心

  这些地点副词的前面不能加介词

  one 一 six 六 eleven 十一

  two 二 seven 七 twelve 十二

  three 三 eight 八 thirteen 十三

  four 四 nine 九 fourteen 十四

  five 五 ten 十 fifteen 十五

  祈使句

  my umbrella and my coat please. 省略了动词和间接宾语的祈使句

  由一个动词原形开头的句子就是祈使句(具体在29课再详细讲解)

  here is是简单的倒装句

  be动词放在here的后面,这个句式就可以成为简单的倒转句式

  My ticket is here. 我的票在这。

  Here is my ticket. Here’s my ticket.

  number

  No.

  No. five

  mister:加在男性的姓氏前面

  sir:polite form used in addressing a man especially in a shop or by children talking to male teachers

  对男性的一种比较有礼貌的称呼或学生对男性老师的一种称呼或下级对上级的称呼

  gentleman 绅士,对男性比较有礼貌的称呼,在公众场合最得体的称呼

  guy 在美国英语中对男性一种不正式的称呼,家伙

  boy 男孩,在美语中不正式的称呼,可以称呼各种年龄的男性

  Mister Black 布莱克先生

  What can I do for you, sir? 我能为你做什么呢,先生?

  ★ Text

  My coat and my umbrella please.

  Here is my ticket.

  Thank you sir.

  Number five.

  Here is your umbrella and your coat.

  This is not my umbrella.

  Sorry sir.

  Is this your umbrella?

  No, it isn’t.

  Is this it?

  Yes, it is.

  Thank you very much.

  Lesson 4 Is this your…?

  suit n. 一套衣服

  school n. 学校

  teacher n. 老师

  son n. 儿子

  daughter n. 女儿

  /Q/

  /R/

  Is this your umbrella?

  No, it isn’t my umbrella.

  It’s your umbrella.

  第三课听课笔记

  Lesson 5 Nice to meet you.

  Mr. 先生

  good adj. 好

  morning n. 早晨

  Miss 小姐

  New adj. 新的

  student n. 先生

  French adj. & n. 法国人

  German adj. & n. 德国人

  nice adj. 美好的

  meet v. 遇见

  Japanese adj. & n. 日本人

  Korean adj. & n. 韩国人

  Chinese adj. & n. 中国人

  too adv. 也

  补充材料第一册 Unit Two

  3个中元音

  /E:/

  /E/

  /Q/

  一般以舌的中部来发音

  发/E:/的单词

  work 工作

  girl 女孩

  nurse 护士

  first 首先,第一

  dirty 脏的

  bird 小鸟

  发/E/的单词

  around 环绕,围绕

  o’clock 点钟

  driver 司机

  arrive 到达

  forget 忘记

  famous 著名的

  发/Q/的单词

  nut 坚果

  country 国家,乡村

  color 颜色

  must 必须

  under 在…下面

  mother 母亲

  I love my country.

  我爱我的祖国。

  Another fly-over will be built across that street.

  另外一座过街桥将在街上被修建。

  You fall in love with my sister!

  你爱上了我的姐姐。

  Lesson 5

  索菲娅 Sophie

  索菲娅小姐 Miss Sophie

  索菲娅小姐是个新学生。

  Miss Sophie is a new student.

  她是一个新学生。

  She is a new student.

  她不是一个新学生。

  She is not a new student.

  她是一个新学生吗?

  Is she a new student?

  索菲娅小姐是一个法国的女孩。

  Miss Sophie is a French girl.

  索菲娅小姐是一个法国人。

  Miss Sophie is a French.

  她是法国人。

  She is (a) French.

  美好的 nice

  见到你很高兴。 Nice to meet you.

  遇见 meet

  日本人 Japanese

  Naoko 直子

  直子是日本人。

  Naoko is a Japanese.

  她也是个新学生。

  She is a new student too.

  韩国人 Korean

  中国人 Chinese

  你是个中国人。

  You are a Chinese.

  我们是中国人。

  We are Chinese.

  他们 they

  他们也是中国人。

  They are chinese too.

  晓惠是一个中国的学生。

  Xiaohui is a Chinese student.

  ★ Text

  Good morning.

  Good morning, Mr. Blake.

  This is Miss Sophie Dupont.

  Sophie is a new student.

  She is French.

  Sophie, this is Hans.

  He is German.

  Nice to meet you.

  And this is Naoko.

  She’s Japanese.

  Nice to meet you.

  And this is Chang-woo.

  He’s Korean.

  Nice to meet you.

  And this is Luming.

  He’s Chinese.

  Nice to meet you.

  And this is Xiaohui.

  She’s Chinese, too.

  Nice to meet you.

  This is Miss Sophie Dupont.

  介绍他人的时候经常用This is…

  3个冠词

  a,an是不定冠词,一个

  用于:1、可数名词单数前面 2、具有不确定意义事或名词前面

  This is a watch.

  a用在普通名词前面,an用于元音音素(元音发音的单词)前面

  a pen an apple an umbrella an egg an hour a university

  the是定冠词,表示特指

  Look, look, a man is coming into the classroom.

  The man is my teacher.

  And this is Naoko.

  and用在句首表示转折

  She’s Chinese, too.

  too一般用于肯定句中

  either也,用于否定句中

  Lesson 6 What make is it?

  make n. (产品的)牌号

  Swedish adj. 瑞典的

  English adj. 英国的

  American adj. 美国的

  Italian adj. 意大利的

  Volvo n. 沃尔沃

  Peugeot n. 标致

  Mercedes n. 梅赛德斯

  Toyota n. 丰田

  Daewoo n. 大宇

  Mini n. 迷你

  Ford n. 福特

  Fiat n. 菲亚特

  Exercise A

  Alice is a student. She isn’t German. She is French.

  This is her car. It is a French car.

  Hans is a student. He isn’t French. He is German.

  This is his car. It is a German car.

  选择疑问句

  她是一个法国学生。 She is a French student.

  她不是一个法国学生。 She isn’t a French student.

  她是一个英国学生。 She’s an English student.

  她是一个法国的学生吗? Is she a French student?

  她是一个法国的学生还是一个英国的学生?

  选择疑问句的标志词是or

  Is she a French student or an English student?

  选择疑问句的回答必须要用完整的句子回答

  选择疑问句的语调为前升后降

  worker teacher

  他是一个工人还是一个老师?

  Is he a worker or a teacher?

  他不是一个工人,他是老师。

  He isn’t a worker, he’s a teacher.

  她是一个中国的老师还是日本的老师?

  Is she a Chinese teacher or a Japanese teacher?

  她不是中国的老师,她是日本的老师。

  She isn’t a Chinese teacher, she’s a Japanese teacher.

  他是一个德国的学生还是一个意大利的学生?

  Is he a German student or an Italian student?

  他是一个德国的学生还是一个意大利的学生?

  He isn’t a German student, he is a Italian student.

  它是一辆法国的车还是一辆日本的车?

  Is it a French car or a Japanese car?

  它不是一辆法国的车,它是一辆日本的车。

  It isn’t a French car, it’s a Japanese car.

  这是一辆福特车。

  This is a Ford.

  它是一辆美国的车还是一辆英国的车?

  Is it an American car or an English car?

  它不是一辆英国的车,它是一辆美国的车。

  It isn’t an English car, it’s an American car.

  这是一辆丰田。

  This is a Toyota.

  它是一辆韩国车还是一辆日本车?

  Is it a Korean car or a Japanese car?

  它不是一辆韩国车,它是一辆日本车。

  It isn’t a Korean car, it is a Japanese car.

  Exercise B

  This is Miss Sophie Dupont.

  Is she a French student or a Swedish student?

  She isn’t a Swedish student. She’s a French student.

  This is a Volvo.

  Is it a Swedish car or a French car?

  It isn’t a French car. It’s a Swedish car.

  This is Naoko.

  Is she a Japanese student or a German student?

  She isn’t a German student. She’s a Japanese student.

  This is Peugeot.

  Is it a French car or a German car?

  It isn’t a German car. It’s a French car.

  This is a Mini.

  Is it an English car or an American car?

  It isn’t an American car. It’s an English car.

  This is Luming.

  Is he a Chinese student or an English student?

  He isn’t an English student. He’s a Chinese student.

  What make is it? 它是什么牌子的?

  It’s a Volvo.

  It’s a Swedish car.

  It’s a Peugeot.

  It’s a French car.

  It’s a Mercedes.

  It’s a German car.

  It’s a Toyota.

  It’s a Japanese car.

  It’s a Daewoo.

  It’s a Korean car.

  It’s a Mini.

  It’s an English car.

  It’s a Ford.

  It’s an American car.

  It’s a Fiat.

  It’s an Italian car.

  第四课听课笔记

  Life is what happens to us while we are making other plans.

  生活就是经常发生的一些偶然。

  Lesson 7 Are you a teacher?

  I pron. 我

  am v. be动词现在时的第一人称单数

  are v. be动词现在时复数

  name n. 名字

  what adj. & porn. 什么

  nationality n. 国籍

  job n. 工作

  keyboard n. 电脑键盘

  operator n. 操作人员

  engineer n. 工程师

  operator /5CpEreitE/

  What’s your name? 你叫什么名字?

  My name is Lucy.

  What’s her name? 她叫什么名字?

  Her name is…

  What’s his name? 他叫什么名字?

  His name is…

  这是一个新学生。This is a new student.

  她的名字叫索菲娅。Her name is Sophie.

  这是他的老师。This is his teacher.

  他的名字叫罗伯特。His name is Robert.

  我的老师是男的。My teacher is a man.

  他的名字叫什么?What is his name.

  这是我的女儿。This is my daughter.

  她的名字叫什么呢?What is her name?

  这是他的太太。This is his wife.

  what特殊疑问词

  where /wZE/ 什么地方

  who /hu:/ 谁

  when /wen/ 什么时候

  which /witF/ 哪个,哪一个

  why /wai/ 为什么

  whom /hu:m, hum/ 谁(宾格)

  What make is it? 它是什么牌子的?

  What color is it? 它是什么颜色的?

  What nationality…?

  nation n. 国家

  national adj. 国家的,民族的

  nationality n. 国籍

  country /5kQntri/ n. 国家 How many countries are there in the world?

  nation n. 国家,富有人文色彩的

  land /lAnd/ n.国家,多用于文学作品

  state /steit/ n. 国家,表示政治的概念

  homeland,motherland 祖国

  work /wE:k/ n. 工作,广义的概念

  task /tB:sk/ n. 工作,任务

  job /dVCb/ n. 工作,有报酬的工作,既可以是体力的,也可以是脑力的

  key /ki:/ n. 钥匙

  board /bC:d/ n.

  blackboard n. 黑板

  operator /5CpEreitE/ n. 操作人员

  engineer /7endVi5niE/ n. 工程师

  ★ Text

  I’m a new student.

  My name’s Robert.

  Nice to meet you.

  My name’s Sophie.

  Are you French?

  Yes, I’m.

  Are you French, too?

  No, I’m not.

  What nationality are you?

  I’m Italian.

  Are you a teacher?

  No, I’m not.

  What’s your job?

  I’m a keyboard operator.

  What’s your job?

  I’m an engineer.

  补充材料P4

  Fill in blanks with a/an.

  1. Stella is _a_ student, and she studies in _a_ university. She is _an_ American.

  2. How many days are there in _a_ year? How many minutes are there in _an_hour?

  3. Our teacher is talking with _an_ old man from _x_ France.

  4. There is _an_ oil painting on the wall.

  Lesson 8 What’s your job?

  policeman /pE5li:smEn/ n. 警察

  policewoman /pE`li:s9wJmEn/ n. 女警察

  taxi driver /5tAksi-5draivE/ n. 出租汽车司机

  air hostess /ZE-5hEustis/ n. 空中小姐

  postman /5pEJstmEn/ n. 邮递员

  nurse /nE:s/ n. 护士

  mechanic /mi5kAnik/ n. 机械师

  hairdresser /5heEdresE/ n. 理发师

  housewife /5haJswaIf/ n. 家庭妇女

  milkman /5mIlkmEn/ n. 送牛奶的人

  注意重音符号 5

  Exercises A

  Complete these sentences using am or is

  Example: My name _is_ Xiaohui. I _am_ Chinese.

  1. My name _is_ Robert. I _am_ a student. I _am_ Italian.

  2. Sophie _is_ not Italian. She _is_ French.

  3. Mr. Blake _is_ my teacher. He _is_ not French.

  Exercises B

  Write questions and answer using his, her, he, she, a or an.

  Example:

  keyboard operator

  What’s her job? Is she a keyboard operator? Yes, she is.

  engineer

  What’s his job? Is he an engineer? Yes, he is.

  1 policeman 6 nurse

  2 policewoman 7 mechanic

  3 taxi driver 8 hairdresser

  4 air hostess 9 housewife

  5 postman 10 milkman

  1. policeman

  What’s his job? Is he a policeman? Yes, he is.

  2. policewoma

  What’s her job? Is she a policewoman? Yes, she is.

  3. taxi driver

  What’s his job? Is he a taxi driver? Yes, he is.

  4. air hostess

  What’s her job? Is she an air hostess? Yes, she is.

  5. postman

  What’s his job? Is he a postman? Yes, he is.

  I’m a policeman. 11 eleven

  I’m a policewoman. 12 twelve

  I’m a taxi driver. 13 thirteen

  I’m an air hostess. 14 fourteen

  I’m a postman. 15 fifteen

  I’m a nurse. 16 sixteen

  I’m a mechanic. 17 seventeen

  I’m a hiardresser. 18 eighteen

  I’m a housewife. 19 nineteen

  I’m a milkman. 20 twenty

  语言强化训练

  后元音

  /B:/ fast, card, park, last, hard, dark

  /C/ dog, bottle, boss, shop, got, job

  /C:/ form, door, talk, horse, before, walk

  /J/ put, good, should, book, cook, sugar

  /J:/ mood, food, tooth, move, shoe, school

  后元音,用舌的后部感觉发音。

  fast 快速的 dog 狗 form 形成 put 放下,放置 mood 心情,情绪

  card 卡片 bottle 瓶子 door 门 good 好的 food 食物

  park 公园;停车 boss 老板 talk 谈话 should 应该 tooth 牙齿

  dark 黑暗的 shop 商店 horse 马 book 书;订票 move 移动;感动

  got 获得 before 从前 cook 烹饪;厨师 shoe 鞋子

  job 工作 walk 走路,散步 sugar 糖 school 学校

  第五课听课笔记

  开场白

  What you get is a living. 获得的是一种生活。

  What you give is a life. 付出的是一种生命。

  Lesson 9 How are you today?

  hello int. 喂(表示问候)

  hi int. 喂,嗨

  how adv. 怎样

  today adv. 今天

  well adj. 身体好

  fine adj. 美好的

  thanks int. 谢谢

  goodbye int. 再见

  see v. 见

  how,怎样

  how many, how much, how long, how often, how far, how soon

  how many多少,后面总是跟一个可数名词的复数

  how much多少,也可以问价格,价钱,后面总是跟不可数名词

  how long多长时间:How long have you been to China?

  how often表示多经常,问的是频率:How often do you come here to study English?

  how far表示问距离多远

  how soon问多久:How long will you come back?

  how come, you are very sure about sth.但是那件事情没有成功

  how goes it = how is it going最近怎么样?

  Today is the first day of the rest of your life. 今天是你生命中的第一天。

  look强调看的动作:Look at the blackboard.

  see表示看见的结果:I saw the boy in the street.

  watch观看,画面都是移动的,watch TV

  How are you?

  How is she?

  How is he?

  How is Emma/Jim?

  I’m fine, thanks.

  She’s fine. He’s fine.

  ★ Text

  Hello, Helen.

  Hi, Steven.

  How are you today?

  I’m very well, Thank you. And you?

  I’m fine,Thanks.

  How is Tony?

  He’s fine, Thanks.

  How’s Emma?

  She’s very well, too, Helen.

  Goodbye, Helen. Nice to see you.

  Nice to see you, too, Steven. Goodbye.

  Lesson 10 Loot at…

  fat adj. 胖的

  woman n. 女儿

  thin adj. 瘦的

  tall adj. 高的

  short adj. 矮的

  dirty adj. 脏的

  clean adj. 干净的

  hot adj. 热的

  cold adj. 冷的

  old adj. 老的

  young adj. 年轻的

  busy adj. 忙的

  lazy adj. 懒的

  fat cat 肥猫,暴发户(贬义)

  fat farm 减肥中心

  fatty 胖子

  fathead 笨蛋

  play dirty 作弊

  dirty jokes 不太得体的玩笑

  talk dirty 说脏话

  come clean 坦白交待

  Mr. clean 清正廉洁的官员

  hot air:空话

  busy body:爱搬弄是非的人

  lazy bones:懒人

  Robert isn’t a teacher. He’s an engineer.

  Mr. Blake isn’t a student. He’s a teacher.

  This isn’t my umbrella. It’s your umbrella.

  Sophie isn’t a teacher. She’s a keyboard operator.

  Steven isn’t cold. He’s hot.

  Naoko isn’t Chinese. She’s Japanese.

  This isn’t a German car. It’s a Swidish car.

  look at

  Look at the man. He’s very fat.

  Look at that woman. She’s very thin.

  policeman/tall policewoman/short

  mechanic/dirty nurse/clean

  Steven/hot Emma/cold

  milkman/old air hostess/young

  hairdresser/busy housewife/lazy

  Look at this housewife. She’s very Lazy.

  Look at that mechanic. He’s very dirty.

  Lesson 11 Is this your shirt?

  whose pron. 谁的

  blue adj. 蓝色的

  perhaps adv. 大概

  white adj. 白色的

  catch v. 抓住

  whose只跟形容词性物主代词,名词性物主代词有关系:

  This is my shirt.

  This shirt is mine.

  特殊疑问句的变换:

  Step 1. 确定特殊疑问词

  Step 2. 把句子变成一般疑问句 Is this whose shirt?

  Step 3. 把特殊疑问词提前 Whose shirt is this?

  This shirt is whose?

  Is this shirt whose?

  Whose is this shirt?

  另一个语法点:名词所有格

  Tim’s Jones’ boss’s

  一般情况直接加’s

  人名字如果是s结尾的,直接加’

  单词是s结尾的,加’s

  名词所有格有两种属性:形容词性、名词性

  This is Tim’s shirt. This shirt is Tim’s.

  Whose shirt is this? Whose is this shirt?

  如果这个词后面跟了一个名词,那么就是形容词性所有格

  如果它是单独使用的,那么就是名词性所有格

  This is Lucy’s umbrella.

  This umbrella is Lucy’s.

  This is her umbrella.

  This umbrella is hers.

  Whose umbrella is this? Whose is this umbrella?

  blue movie 不健康的电影(黄色电影)

  perhaps表示可能但不肯定,可以和maybe互换

  white-collar blue-collar pink-collar一般由妇女从事的职业

  white book政治或财政方面的书 white lie善意的谎言 True Lie

  White House白宫 White Hall

  as white as snow

  ★ Text

  Whose shirt is that? Whose is that shirt?

  Is this your shirt, Dave? Is this shirt yours?

  No, sir.

  It’s not my shirt. This shirt is not mine.

  This is my shirt.

  My shirt’s blue.

  Is this shirt Tim’s?

  Perhaps it is, sir.

  Tim’s shirt’s white.

  Tim!

  Yes, sir.

  Is this your shirt?

  Yes, Sir.

  Here you are.

  Catch.

  Thank you, sir.

  Lesson 12 Whose is this…? This is my/your/his/her…

  Whose is that…? That is my/your/his/her…

  father n. 父亲

  mother n. 母亲

  blouse n. 女衬衫

  sister n. 姐,妹

  tie n. 领带

  brother n. 兄,弟

  his possessive adjective. 他的

  her possessive adjective. 她的

  Hans is here. That is his car.

  Stella is here. That is her car.

  Excuse me, Steven. Is this your umbrella?

  I am an air hostess. My name is Britt.

  Paul is here, too. That is his coat.

  Whose is this shirt? It’s Tim’s. It’s his shirt.

  Whose is this pencil? It’s Hans’.

  辅音音标 爆破音

  清辅音 /p/ pea/pat/pair/pet/help/hope

  浊辅音 /b/ bee/bat/bear/bet/lab/buy

  /t/ tie/tear/let/tall/fat/that

  /d/ die/dear/lead/bad/glad/down

  /k/ pick/back/mark/cook/lake/kind

  /g/ pig/bag/give/goat/beg/girl

  pea:豆子,豌豆 bee:蜜蜂 tie:领带,系 die:死 pick:挑选 pig:猪

  pat:轻轻的拍 bat:球拍 tear:眼泪 dear:亲爱的 back:背 bag:包

  Pair:双,对 bear:熊,忍受 let:让 lead:领导 mark:标记 give:给

  pet:宠物 bet:打赌 tall:高的 bad:坏的 cook:厨师 goat:山羊

  Help:帮助 lab:实验室 fat:胖的 glad:高兴的 lake:湖 beg:乞求

  Hope:希望 buy:买 that:那个 down:向下的 kind:友善的 girl:女孩

  第六课听课笔记

  fable:寓言

  shining star:闪烁的星星

  happy and excited:快乐和兴奋

  mud:泥土

  Optimist, a man who gets treed by a lion but enjoys the secnery.

  一个乐观的人,就是那种即使被狮子逼上了树梢,他也同样能够欣赏美丽的风景。

  Lesson 13 A new dress

  colour n. 颜色

  green adj. 绿色

  come v. 来

  upstairs adv. 楼上

  smart adj. 时髦的,巧妙的

  hat n. 帽子

  same adj. 相同的

  lovely adj. 可爱的,秀丽的

  color<美>

  colour<英>

  What colour is A?

  What colour is your bag(shirt, umbrella, new dress, TV)?

  What colour is his tie(her skirt)?

  green hand:生手,新手

  green card:绿卡

  green thumb:/WQm/ 有特殊园艺才能

  green light:绿灯;特权

  come on:跟着来;拜托了;快停下来吧

  地点副词:here, there, upstairs, downstairs, home, abord, downtown(市中心)

  地点副词前面不能加介词

  如:go abroad, go home, come here

  smart:机灵的,精明的

  wise:智慧的,聪明的(有生活阅历和理性判断,由于人生的阅历得来的)

  clever:聪明(理解力上);狡猾,精明(在现代美语口语上)

  bright:明亮的(小孩,年轻人)聪明的

  lovely:可爱的,秀丽的

  beautiful:美丽的(风景);漂亮的(女性,儿童)

  pretty:漂亮的,迷人的(侧重于人有魅力、迷人方面)

  elegant:优雅的(形容美到极致)

  shapely:形状美观的(身材)

  ★ Text

  What color is your new dress?

  It is green.

  Come upstairs and see it.

  Thanks you.

  Look!

  Here it is!

  That’s a nice dress.

  It’s very smart.

  My hat’s new, too.

  What color is it?

  It’s the same color.

  It’s green, too.

  That’s a lovely hat.

  Lesson 14 What colour’s your…?

  问题:

  It’s = it is(指代物体的单数它)

  this is 这是…

  here it is (口)地点副词

  whose 谁的

  人称代词几种情况:物主代词,名词性物主代词,名词所有格

  名词所有格:人名+’s “…的“(形容词性物主代词,名词性的物主代词)

  形容词性物主代词必须作定语,修饰别的词。

  This is my pen.

  This pen is mine.

  This pen is Tim’s.

  This is Tim’s pen.

  对形容词性进行提问,后面的词不能省略。

  Whose pen is this?

  Whose is this pen?

  Lesson 15 Your passport, please.

  customers n. 海关

  officer n. 官员

  girl n. 女孩,姑娘

  Danish adj. & n. 丹麦人

  friend n. 朋友

  Norwegian adj. & n. 挪威人

  passport n. 护照

  brown adj. 棕色的

  tourist /5tuErist/ n. 旅游者

  ★ Text

  Are you Swedish?

  No, we are not.

  We are Danish.

  Are your friends Danish, too?

  No, they aren’t.

  They are Norwegian.

  Your possports, please.

  Here they are.

  Are there your cases?

  No, they aren’t.

  Our cases are brown.

  Here they are.

  Are you tourists?

  Yes, we are.

  Are your friends tourists too?

  Yes, they are.

  That’s fine.

  Thank you very much.

  Lesson 16 Are you…?

  Russian adj. & n. 俄罗斯人

  Dutch adj. & n. 荷兰人

  these pron. 这些(复数)

  red adj. 红色的

  grey adj. 灰色的

  yellow adj. 黄色的

  black adj. 黑色的

  orange adj. 橘黄色的

  A Complete these sentences using a or an.

  Example:

  It is ____ Swedish car. It is a Swedish car.

  She is ____ air hostess. She is an air hostess.

  Mrs. White:怀特夫人

  Mrs. Smith:史密斯夫人

  What colour is Mrs. White’s dog?

  Her dog is brown and white.

  What colour are your dogs?

  Our dogs are white.

  What colour is your brother’s car?

  His car is red.

  What colour are their cars?

  Their cars are blue.

  red books

  white shirts

  grey coats

  yellow tickets

  blue suits

  black and grey hats

  green passports

  black umbrellas

  white handbags

  orange ties

  brown and white dogs

  blue pens

  red cars

  green dresses

  yellow blouses

  第七课

  Life is like a fable. It is not measured by its length, but by its content.

  生活就象一则寓言。它并不是用它的长短来衡量,而是由它的内容来衡量。

  Eat to live, but do not live to eat.

  吃饭是为了生活,但生活并不仅仅为了吃饭。

  名词有五种:

  普通名词、物质名词、专有名词、集体名词、抽象名词

  普通名词在单数变复数时的规则:

  1、加 -s 或 -es

  加 -s后的读音 /s/,/z/,/iz/

  清辅音加 -s读 /s/

  清辅音加 -s读 /z/

  以 -ch -sh -x -s -z结尾的词加-es读 /iz/

  可数名词单数变复数的规则:

  1、普通的名词后边直接加 s

  a book/two books

  2、以辅音字母加y结尾的单词要把y变i加es

  baby --> babies

  3、以 -ch -sh -x -s -z结尾的词要加-es,读音为 /iz/

  4、以f或fe结尾的单词要变为ves

  knife --> knives

  wife --> wives

  5、辅音字母加o结尾的单词要加es,元音字母加o结尾的单词要加s

  potato --> potatoes

  zoo --> zoos

  一个关于读音规则的问题

  a e i o u

  如果这几个元音字母在单词的倒数第三位的位置,则发其原来的字母音。即开音节。

  live /liv/ /laiv/

  Lesson 17 How do you do? 你好!

  employee n. 雇员

  hard-working adj. 勤奋的

  sales reps 推销员  /5seilz-5reps/

  man n. 男人

  office n. 办公室

  assistant n. 助手

  employ/employment 雇用

  I need to employ some people to help me do this work.

  employer 雇主

  employment 工作

  一个动词后有 -ee,是被这个动作影响的人;一个动词后有 -er,是做出这个动作的人。

  -ment名词后缀

  hard-working/hard-work/work hard

  hard-working adj. 勤奋的 Sophie is a hard-working girl.

  hard-work 艰苦的工作 This is a hard-work.

  work hard 努力地工作

  diligent adj. 勤勉的

  man也可以表示“人类“的意思。

  Old man!

  man-to-man defence 人盯人防守

  face-to-face

  office building/office clerk/office hours/office worker/office assistant

  办公大楼/办公室职员/上班时间/上班族/办公室的助手

  assistant 助手

  assist 援助

  P36 Written exercise A

  1 He

  2 They

  3 We

  4 She / He

  5 She / He

  6 They

  Lesson 18 What are their jobs? 他们是做什么工作的?

  选择疑问句

  Are you a teacher or a student?

  Are you teachers or students?

  We are not teachers. We are students.

  Are they mechanics or hairdressers?

  They aren’t hairdressers. They are mechanics.

  ★ Text

  Lesson seventeen: How do you do?

  Come and meet our employees, Mr. Richwrds.

  Thank you, Mr. Jackson.

  This is Nicola Grey, and this is Claire Taylor.

  How do you do?

  Those women are very hard-working. What are their jobs?

  They’re keyboard operators.

  This is Michael Baker, and this is Jeremy Short.

  How do you do?

  They are’t very busy! What are their jobs?

  They’re sales reps. They are very lazy.

  Who is this young man?

  This is Jim. He is our office assistant.

  音标学习:双元音

  /ai/ price/white/quite/ride/fight/mind

  /ei/ hate/waste/game/snake/plate/shame

  /Ci/ boy/soil/choice/join/noise/employ

  price 价格 white 白色的 quite 相当 ride 骑 flight 战斗 mind 介意

  hate 狠 waste 浪费 game 游戏 snake 蛇 plate 盘子 shame 害羞

  boy 男孩 soil 土壤 choice 选择 join 加入 noise 噪音 employ 雇用

  这几个音标叫:合口双元音

  双元音即由两个元音组成的音标,发音时注意嘴形的变化,其特点是:

  1、前重后轻

  2、从第一个音滑到第二个音

  make/lake/take/sake/wake/snake/shame

  line/time/price/ride

  cat /kAt/

  late /leit/

  发音规则小结:

  五个元音字母在单词中处于倒数第三位的位置,并且单词的末尾是e ,则这五个元音字母都发其字母音。

  开音节/闭音节

  在单词中发它本身的字母音就叫开音节,发其它音的就是闭音节。

  动词的重读闭音节就是所谓的元音字母不是发它本身的字母音。

  Lesson 19 Tired and thirsty 又累又渴

  matter n. 事情

  children n. 孩子们(child的复数)

  tired adj. 累,疲乏

  boy n. 男孩

  thirsty adj. 渴

  Mum n. 妈妈

  sit down 坐下

  right adj. 好,可以

  ice cream 冰激淋

  Lesson 20 Look at them! 看看他/它们

  big adj. 大的

  small adj. 小的

  open adj. 开着的

  shut adj. 关着的

  light adj. 轻的

  heavy adj. 重的

  long adj. 长的

  shoe n. 鞋子

  grandfather n. 祖父,外祖父

  grandmother n. 祖母,外祖母

  Lesson 21 Which book? 哪一本书?

  give v. 给

  one pron. 一个

  which question word 哪一个

  Lesson 22 Give me/him/her/us/them a…

  Which one?

  给我/他/她/他们一…

  哪一个?

  empty adj. 空的 box(boxes) n. 盒子,箱子

  full adj. 满的 glass(glasses) n. 杯子

  large adj. 大的 cup(cups) n. 茶杯

  little adj. 小的 bottle(bottles) n. 瓶子

  sharp adj. 尖的,锋利的 tin(tins) n. 罐头

  small adj. 小的 knife(kinves) n. 刀子

  big adj. 大的 fork(forks) n. 叉子

  blunt adj. 钝的 spoon(spoons) n. 勺子

  Lesson 23 Which glasses? 哪几只杯子?

  on prep. 在……之上

  shelf n. 架子,搁板

  Lesson 24 Give me/him/her/us/them some…

  Which ones?

  给我/他/她/他们一些…

  哪些?

  desk n. 课桌

  table n. 桌子

  plate n. 盘子

  cupboard n. 食橱

  cigarette n. 香烟

  television n. 电视机

  floor n. 地板

  dressing table 梳妆台

  magazine n. 杂志

  bed n. 床

  newspaper n. 报纸

  stereo n. 立体声音响

  第八课

  Life is not a problem to be solved, but a reality to be experienced.

  生活不是一个需要解决的问题,而是一种需要经历的现实。

  Lesson 19 Tired and thirsty 又累又渴

  matter n. 事情

  children n. 孩子们(child的复数)

  tired adj. 累,疲乏

  boy n. 男孩

  thirsty adj. 渴

  Mum n. 妈妈

  sit down 坐下

  right adj. 好,可以

  ice cream 冰激淋

  When A Child Is Born

  1. A ray of hope flickers in the sky, 一线希望的曙光在天空中闪烁,

  a tiny star lights up way up high. 一颗小星星高高挂在天空,

  all across the land, 所有的地方,

  dawns a brand new morn. 都在迎接着一个新的早晨,

  This comes to pass, 这一切的到来,

  When a child is born. 是由于一个婴儿的出生。

  matter

  What’s the matter?

  What’s the matter with sb.?

  It doesn’t matter. 没关系。

  affair(正式的用语)事情;风流事件,风流韵事

  President Clinton had affair whith L.

  business商业,bussinessman商人,businesswoman女商人

  It’s none of your business. 不关你的事(NCE2第一课)。

  child 孩子,几岁到十几岁

  baby 婴儿,一、两岁;宝贝

  infant 刚出生的婴儿(圣诞歌里)

  twin 双胞胎

  orphan 孤儿

  right adj. 好,可以,右边

  all right 好的

  That’s all right. 没关系。

  Are you all right? 你好了吗?

  there be 句形:表示某处有某物

  there is + 可数名词的单数/不可数名词

  there are + 可数名词的复数形式

  介词:

  on 在…上面

  in 在…里面

  There is a tie on the desk.

  There are five books in the books.

  变成否定:

  There isn’t a tie on the desk.

  变成一般疑问句:

  Is there a tie on the desk?

  肯定回答:

  Yes, there is.

  否定回答:

  No, there isn’t.

  There aren’t five books in the box.

  Are there five books in the box?

  肯定回答:

  Yes, there are.

  否定回答:

  No, there aren’t.

  There is an ice cream man there. 那有个卖冰激淋的人。

  There are tow ice cream men there.

  There is a girl on the floor.

  There is a pen in the glass.

  ★ Text

  What’s the mater, children?

  We are tired and thirsty, Mum.

  Sit down here.

  Are you all right now?

  No, we aren’t.

  Look!

  There’s an ice cream man.

  Two ice creams please.

  Here you are, children.

  Thanks, Mum.

  There ice creams are nice.

  Are you all right now?

  Yes, we are, thank you.

  Written exercises 书面练习B Page40

  1.Are the children tired or thirsty?

  They are not tired. They are thirsty.

  7.Are grandmother and grandfather young or old?

  They are not young. They are old.

  Lesson 21 Which book?

  give v. 给 one pron. 一个 which question word 哪一个

  empty adj. 空的 full adj. 满的 large adj. 大的

  little adj. 小的 sharp adj. 尖的,锋利的 small adj. 小的

  big adj. 大的 blunt adj. 钝的 box n. 盒子

  glass n. 杯子 cup n. 茶杯 bottle n. 瓶子

  tin n. 罐头 knife n. 刀子 fork n. 叉子

  spoon n. 勺子

  give 给,它的主语可以是人,也可以是物:Teaching gives me a lot of pleasure.

  give sb. sth.

  give sth. to sb.

  Give me a pen please. 请给我一支钢笔。

  Give a pen to me please.

  offer 提供,只能是人做主语

  provide 免费提供

  supply 供应

  donate 捐献

  contribute 贡献:I have contributed all my life to teaching career.

  ★ Text

  Give me a book please, Jane.

  Which book?

  This one?

  No, not that one. The red one.

  This one?

  Yes, please.

  Here you are.

  Thank you.

  Lesson 22 Give me / him / her / us / them a…

  Which one?

  Written exercises 书面练习 B

  1.Cup/ this dirty/ that clean

  Give me a cup please.

  Which one? This dirty one?

  No, not this dirty one. That clean one.

  Here you are.

  Thank you.

  2.glass/ this empty/ that full

  3.bottle/ this large/ that small

  4.box/ this big/ that little

  5.tin/ this new/ that old

  6.knife/ this sharp/ that blunt

  7.spoon/ this new/ that old

  8.fork/ this large/ that small

  第九课听课笔记

  Lesson 23 Which glasses? 哪几只杯子?

  on prep. 在……之上

  shelf n. 架子,搁板

  介词短语做后置定语

  on,in

  on the table

  in the kitchen

  a beautiful flower

  a book on the desk

  定语从句 The girl I saw yesterday…

  the magazine on the bed

  the book on the stereo

  the box on the cupboard

  the cigarette on the table

  the bottle on the dressing table

  the desk on the desk(短语)

  The book is on the bed.(句子)

  There is a book on the bed. 床上有本书。

  some和any跟可数名词的复数或者是不可数名词;一般情况下,some用于肯定句中,在表示征求对方意见,并且希望得到肯定的答复时也可以用于疑问句;any用于否定句和疑问句中。

  some books

  some milk

  Would you like something to drink? 你想喝点什么吗?

  ★ Text

  Give me some glasses please, Jane.

  Which glasses?

  These glasses.

  No, not those. The ones on the shelf.

  These?

  Yes, please.

  Here you are.

  Thanks.

  Lesson 24 Give me/him/her/us/them some…

  big 它不仅指物理量的大小,还指精神方面的大小

  large 更多指物理量的大小

  little 指物理量的小,暗含一种喜爱的意思

  small 单指物理上的小

  Dengxiaoping is a big man. 邓小平是个大人物。

  There is a large woman.

  Look, that little girl.

  small person 卑鄙小人

  plate 小盘子

  dish 比较大一些的盘子,在饭店点菜:some dishes、delicious dishes

  Lesson 25 Mrs. Smith’s kitchen

  Mrs. 夫人

  kitchen n. 厨房

  refrigerator n. 电冰箱

  right n. 右边

  electric adj. 带电的,可通电的

  left n. 左边

  cooker n. 炉子,炊具

  middle n. 中间

  of prep. (属于)…的

  room n. 房间

  cup n. 杯子

  ★ Text

  Mrs. Smith’s kitchen is small.

  There is a refrigerator in the kitchen.

  The refrigerator is white.

  It is on the right.

  There is an electric cooker in the kitchen.

  The cooker is blue.

  It is on the left.

  There is a table in the middle of the room.

  There is a bottle on the table.

  The bottle is empty.

  There is a cup on the table, too.

  The cup is clean.

  a book on the bed (介词短语做后置定语)

  The book is on the bed. (特指)

  There is a book on the bed. (泛指)

  Lesson 26 Where is it?

  (练习)略

  Where there is a will, there is a way. 有志者事竟成。

  will 意志

  Lesson 27 Mrs. Smith’s living room

  living room 客厅

  near prep. 靠近

  window n. 窗户

  armchair n. 扶手椅

  door n. 门

  picture n. 图画

  wall n. 墙

  介词:

  on(在物体接触表明)在…上面

  over 在垂直的上方不接触,越过

  in 在…里面

  into 进入…里面

  out ot 在…外

  near 在…附近

  to 往,向

  under 在…下面

  between 在两者之间

  among 在…中间(两者以上)

  across 横穿(从物体的表面)

  through 从…中间穿过

  beside 在…旁边

  fly over the wall

  She is siting beside her.

  ★ Text

  Mrs. Smith’s living room is large.

  There is a television in the room.

  The television is near the window.

  There are some magazines on the television.

  There is a table in the room.

  There are some newspapers on the table.

  There are some armchairs in the room.

  The armchairs are near the table.

  There is a stereo in the room.

  The stereo is near the door.

  There are some books on the stereo.

  There are some pictures in the room.

  The pictures are on the wall.

  Lesson 28 Where are they?

  Written exercise 书面练习A Page 56

  There is a policeman in the kitchen.

  There are some policemen in the kitchen.

  Written exercise 书面练习B Page 56

  books/on the dressing table/cigarettes/near that box

  Are there any books on the dressing table?

  No, there aren’t any books one the dressing table.

  There are some cigarettes.

  Where are they?

  They’re near that box.

  第十课听课笔记

  There are three things men can do with women, love them, suffer for them and turn them into literature.

  世界上的男人能够为女人做三件事情,爱她们,为她们受苦,把她们变成文学。

  When a beautiful woman smiles, somebody’s purse weeps.

  当一个漂亮的女人微笑时,某人的钱包就会流泪。

  Lesson 29 Come in, Amy?

  shut v. 关门

  bedroom n. 卧室

  untidy adj. 乱,不整齐

  must modal verb 必须,应该

  open v. 打开

  air v. 使…通风,换换空气

  put v. 放置

  clothes n. 衣服

  wardrobe n. 大衣柜

  dust v. 掸掉灰尘

  sweep v. 扫

  shut 强调关门的过程或方式(更口语化一些)

  close 强调关门的动作

  slam 摔上门,用力关上门

  shup up 闭嘴

  zip your lips 闭嘴

  tidy 整齐的、整洁的

  untidy 不整齐

  luky 幸运的

  unlucky 不幸的

  happy 幸福的

  unhappy 不开心的

  情态动词:must、can、may、need

  它是一种具有实际意义的助动词。

  情态动词不能单独做谓语,只能和后面的原形动词一起构成谓语。

  情态动词没有人称和数格的变化。

  含有情态的句子,否定句和疑问句都是在情态动词上发生变化。

  open the windown 打开窗户

  You must open the window.

  They must shut the door.

  You mustn’t open the windows.

  Must I open the window?

  Yes, you must.

  No, you needn’t.

  What must I do?

  What must they do?

  airforce 空军

  air conditioner 空调

  air express 航空快递邮件

  aircraft carrier 航空母舰

  walk on the air 飘飘然,得意洋洋

  sweep 用笤帚扫地

  dust (梳妆台、电脑)轻轻地掸掉灰尘 dustman 清洁工 dustpan 畚箕

  clean 清洁(含义比较广泛,清洁所有的东西)

  clear 清除(将剩余的一些东西清除掉)

  wipe (用抹布)擦去

  cleanse 用水清除

  祈使句:又称之为无主句,所有的祈使句都省略了主语You

  祈使句的否定句就是在句子前加don’t

  stand up

  sit down

  come in

  put these clothes in the wardrob

  ★ Text

  Come in, Amy.

  Shut the door, please.

  This bedroom is very untidy.

  What must I do, Mrs. Jones?

  Open the window and air the room.

  Then put these clothes in the wardrobe.

  Then make the bed.

  Dust the dressing table.

  Then sweep the floor.

  Lesson 30 What must I do?

  empty v. 倒空,使……变空

  read v. 读

  sharpen v. 削尖,使锋利

  put on 穿上

  take off 脱掉

  turn on 开(电灯)

  turn off 关(电灯)

  Written exercise 书面练习 A 60页

  1.The window isn’t clean. Clean it!

  2.The door isn’t shut. Shut it!

  3.The wardrobe isn’t open. Open it!

  Written exercise 书面练习 B 60页

  put on

  turn on

  take off

  turn off

  Put on your coat!

  Put your coat on!

  Put it on!

  Turn on the televison!

  Turn the televison on!

  Turn it on!

  第十一课听课笔记

  Women lie about their age, men lie about their income.

  女人隐瞒她们的年龄,男人隐瞒他们的收入。

  A man, who can govern a woman can govern a nation.

  能够管理好女人的男人能够管理好一个国家。

  Lesson 31 Where’s Sally?

  garden n. 花园

  under prep. 在……之下

  tree n. 树

  climb v. 爬,攀登

  who pron. 谁

  run v. 跑

  grass n. 草,草地

  after prep. 在……之后

  across prep. 横过,穿过

  cat n. 猫

  garden centre:花卉中心

  garden city:花园城市

  savage garden:野人花园

  in the garden:在花园里

  under the tree:在树下

  family tree:家谱

  tree ring:年轮

  climb the tree:爬树

  run across the grass:跑过草地

  run after:在……之后跑

  语法 ―― 时态:

  在第一册出现了八种时态

  1.首先了解概念

  2.时态 ―― 动词变化规则,时间的状态

  now -- 现在进行时

  usually, often, always... -- 一般现在时

  already, yet -- 现在进行时

  现在进行时,表示现在正在进行或者发生的动作、状态;

  表示现阶段正在进行或发生,但说话的此刻动作不一定进行;

  后面加一个将来的时间,可以表示打算做的事情。

  结构:S. + be + V.-ing

  S. + be + not + V.-ing

  Be + S. +v.-ing?

  Yes, S. + be / No, S. + be + not

  What + be + S. + v.-ing

  What is Sally doing? / Tim doing? / What are they doing?

  Are they climbing the tree?

  Is she sitting under the tree?

  The dog is / isn’t running after the cat.

  Is the dog running after the cat?

  Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t.

  I am speaking / talking.

  Sam is climbing the tree.

  We are listening.

  I am studying English in New Oriental School.

  I am reading Gone with the wind.

  ★ Text

  Where’s Sally, Jack?

  She’s in the garden, Jane.

  What’s she doing?

  She’s sitting under the tree.

  Is Tim in the garden, too?

  Yes, he is.

  He’s climbing the tree.

  I beg your pardon?

  Who’s climbing the tree.

  Tim is.

  What about the dog?

  The dog’s in the garden, too.

  It’s running across the grass.

  It’s running after a cat.

  (树叶)on the tree

  (人)in the tree

  what about + n.

  what about + v.-ing

  What about an apple?

  What about some milk?

  What about a glass of beer?

  介词后面 + 动词的-ing形式

  What about (drinking) a glass of beer?

  Lesson 32 What’s he/she/if doing?

  type v. 打字

  letter n. 信

  basket n. 篮子

  eat v. 吃

  bone n. 骨头

  clean v. 清洗

  tooth n. (复数teeth)牙齿

  cook v. 做(饭菜)

  milk n. 牛奶

  meal n. 饭,一顿饭

  drink v. 喝

  tap n. (水)龙头

  Kate is a narrow minded girl.

  No need to know that.

  The singer sang a famous song.

  My mother met some more monkeys in the market.

  第十二课听课笔记

  Lesson 33 A fine day

  新单词:day、cloud、sky、sun、shine、with、family、walk、over、bridge、boat、river、ship、aeroplane、fly

  day after day:一天一天的

  day and night:日日夜夜

  day break:拂晓

  Sunday /sQndi/:星期天

  Monday、Tuesday、Wednesday、Thursday、Friday、Saturday

  It’s a fine day today.

  There are some clouds in the sky.

  sky-blue:天蓝色

  sky sign:高楼上的广告牌

  动词+ing的规则:

  jump, jumping

  sweep, sweeping

  shave, shaving

  shine, shining

  单词双写的条件:

  1.必须是单音节单词(音标里有几个元音音标,就是有几个音节)。

  2.单音节的单词一般都是重读,且为闭音节。

  3.单词末尾有一个辅音字母,一个元音字母。

  sit, sitting

  run, running

  Mr. Jones is with his family.

  Mrs. Liu is with those children.

  family man:有家室的人

  family doctor:家庭医生

  family tree:家谱

  family planning:计划生育

  family name:姓氏

  There are three people in my family.

  walk around:四处走走

  walk home:走回家

  walk over:走过 They are walking over the bridge.

  go:行驶,走,去,加油

  go under the bridge 在桥底下走过

  The ship is going under the bridge.

  in the river

  on the river

  There are some boats on the river.

  There is a boy in the river.

  He is swimming.

  He is swimming across the river.

  plane(非正式)

  aeroplane(正式)

  I have to fly. 我必须得走了。

  escape:逃跑(从被禁锢到逃脱)

  flee:逃走(强调逃离时慌慌张张的心态)

  get away:逃离,很快地走(口)

  ★ Text

  Lesson thirty-three: A fine day

  It’s a fine day today.

  There are some clouds in the sky, but the sun is shining.

  Mrs. Jones’s with his family.

  They are walking over the bridge.

  There are some boats on the river.

  Mrs. Jones and his wife are looking at them.

  Sally is looking at a big ship.

  The ship is going under the bridge.

  Tim is looking at an aeroplane.

  The aeroplane is flying over the river.

  some的用法:修饰可数名词的复数,以及不可数名词

  <代词>some of+名词或者代词的复数

  “……中间的一些“

  some of them/us/you

  some of the boys/students

  Lesson 34 What are they doing?

  新单词:sleep、shave、cry、wash、wait、jump

  B Write questions and answers.

  Example:

  the children/looking at the boats on the river

  What are the children doing?

  They’re looking at the boats on the river.

  1.the men/cooking a meal

  2.they/sleeping

  3.the men/shaving

  4.the children/crying

  5.the dogs/eating bones

  6.the women/typing letters

  7.the children/doing their homework.

  8.the women/washing dishes

  9.the birds/flying over the river

  10.they/walking over the bridge

  11.the man and the woman/waiting for a bus

  12.the children/jumping off the wall

  Lesson 35 Our village

  新单词:photograph、village、valley、between、hill、another、wife、along、bank、water、swim、building、park、into

  photographer:摄影师

  picture:图片

  drawing:(用铅笔、钢笔画)制图,素描术

  painting:绘画、油画(指油画、水彩画等上色的画)

  portrait:肖像、画像;描写

  sketch:(设计)草图

  cartoon:卡通片

  take a picture:照照片

  a photograph of our village

  villager:村民

  Our village is in a valley.

  hill:不高的小山丘

  mount:名山,专有名词 Mount Tai

  mountain:大型的,高山

  range:山区,连绵起伏的群山

  peak:山峰

  another+单数

  other+单数/复数

  wife:妻子

  husband:丈夫

  spouse:配偶

  couple:夫妻,一对

  take a wife:娶妻

  abandon one’s wife:抛弃妻子

  a nagging wife:唠唠叨叨的妻子

  a jealous wife:妒妇

  a lawful wife:原配夫人

  a former wife:前妻

  bank:银行;河岸

  beach:海滩

  coast:海滩,专业地理词

  shore:海滨,海岸

  along the banks of the rive

  go into

  come out of

  ★ Text

  Lesson thirty-five: Our village

  This’s a photograph of our village.

  Our village is in a valley.

  It’s between two hills.

  The village is on a river.

  Here is another photograph of the village.

  My wife and I are walking alone the banks of the river.

  We are on the left.

  There’s a boy in the river.

  He’s swimming across the river.

  Here is another photograph.

  This is the school building.

  It is beside a park.

  The park is on the right.

  Some children are coming out of the building.

  Some of them are going into the park.

  第十三课听课笔记

  Lesson 37 Making a bookcase

  新单词:work、hard、make、bookcase、hammer、paint、pink、favourite

  work:可做名词、动词,指代一切的劳动、各种各样的劳动

  job:有报酬的一份工作

  task:愿意承担的任务

  enployment:雇佣关系的劳动

  labour:一般指体力劳动

  occupation:职业,训练有素、有专长的职业

  profession:脑力劳动

  work hard:动词词组,努力工作

  hard work:名词词组,艰苦的工作、艰苦的工作

  hard-working:形容词,勤奋

  现在进行时,表示现在正在进行或者发生的动作、状态;

  表示现阶段正在进行或发生,但说话的此刻动作不一定进行的动作或状态;

  后面加一个将来的时间,可以表示打算做的事情。

  be for:为某人

  This book is for you.

  bookcase:书柜

  bookshelf:书架

  bookshop/ bookstore:书店

  bookseller:书商

  bookmark:书签

  bookworm:书虫、书呆子

  paint:上漆

  painter:油漆工,画家

  painting:painting:绘画、油画(指油画、水彩画等上色的画)

  paint the town red v. 狂欢,胡闹

  paint it pink:形容词做宾语补足语

  pink collar:粉领

  pink lady:(鸡尾酒)红粉佳人

  in the pink:很健康

  pink slip:解雇通知书

  语法:

  be going to 句型

  1.打算要做某事

  2.即将要发生某事

  to 后接动词原形

  be根据人称的变化而采用不同的形式

  I’m going to make a bookcase.

  I’m not going to make a bookcase.

  Are you going to make a bookcase?

  What are you going to do?

  What colour are you going to paint it?

  What are you going to do?

  I’m going to wait for a bus.

  What are you doing?

  I’m waiting for a bus.

  ★ Text

  Lesson thirty-seven: Making a bookcase

  You’re working hard, George.

  What are you doing?

  I’m making a bookcase.

  Give me that hammer please, Dan.

  Which hammer.

  This one?

  No, not that one.

  The big one.

  Here you are.

  Thanks, Dan.

  What are you going to do now, George?

  I’m going to paint it.

  What colour are you going to paint it?

  I’m going to paint it pink.

  Pink!

  This bookcase isn’t for me.

  It’s for my daughter, Susan.

  Pink’s her favorite colour.

  Give me that hammer please.

  me是间接宾语

  that hammer是直接宾语

  Give that hammer to me.

  Lesson What are you going to do? 你准备做什么?

  What are you doing now? 你现在正在做什么?

  新单词:homework、listen、dish

  homework:家庭作业 do one’s homework

  hometown:家乡

  homemade:自制的

  homeland:祖国

  homesick:思乡

  lovesick:相思

  vt. 及物动词,后面直接跟宾语

  vi. 不及物动词,后面加了介词才可以跟宾语

  plate:小盘子

  dish:大盘子

  prepare the dishes:做菜

  main dish:主菜,热菜

  made a dish:凉菜、冷盘

  clear the dishes:收拾碗筷

  第十四课听课笔记

  Nothing comes between you and success. 成功和你自己没有距离。

  复习语法点

  1.陈述句

  主语+be动词

  This is a pen./ They are students.

  am / is / are

  否定形式在be后加not

  2.一般疑问句、特殊疑问句

  一般疑问句是以be动词、情态动词(must、can)、do或does,did,have,has,was,were打头的句子。

  Are you a student? / Is she a worker?

  一般疑问句可以用简单的“是”或“不是”来回答

  用什么样的动词提问,就用什么样的动词来回答

  特殊疑问句是由特殊疑问词和一般疑问句来构成。

  特殊疑问词有:what、how……

  特殊疑问句一般不可以用简单的“是”或“不是”来回答,而要根据不同的疑问词来回答。

  选择疑问句

  以be动词构成的选择疑问句+or构成选择

  Are you a student or a worker.

  Is she an American or an English?

  所有能做为一般疑问句后面加一个or选项,来构成选择疑问句。

  在回答选择疑问句时,要根据具体的情况来回答。

  名词所有格

  名字+’s

  代词的用法

  主格,宾格,形容词性的物主代词,名词性的物主代词

  主格只能做主语

  宾格用在介词和动词之后

  形容词性的物主代词不能单独使用,后面要跟名词

  名词性的物主代词只能单独使用,相当于形容词性的物主代词加名词

  名词所有格可以是形容词性的,也可以是名词性的。如果是形容词性时,后面加名词;如果是名词性的,后边不加东西。

  介词短语做后置定语

  一个词来修饰成分时,放在修饰词的前边;而一个词组来做修饰成分时,放在被修饰词的后边。

  the book on the desk

  介词的学习

  1.跟在be动词之后

  2.在普通的动词之后

  put on / take off

  动词加介词构成新的意义

  学习介词的规则:

  1.记清介词本身表示的意义

  2.1)跟在be动词之后,表示方位(这种情况较多)

  2)与普通的行为动词构成新的意义

  名词

  种类有五种:普通名词、物质名词、专有名词、集体名词、抽象名词

  可数名词的单、复数概念

  There be句型

  1.表示某处有某物

  2.使用的类型:

  1)There is…+(单数的可数名词或不可数名词)

  2)There are…+(可数名词的复数)

  冠词

  有不定冠词或定冠词两类。不定冠词都表示“一个”的意义。

  可数名词的单数要加不定冠词。

  一般的词前加a

  第一个音标发元音的单词前加an

  定冠词the

  主要用于:

  1.特指

  2.独一无二的东西 the moon / the sun

  3.用于固定的专有名词前 the Great Wall / the Summer Palace

  4.固定的词组的构成部分

  时态

  现在进行时

  祈使句

  1.祈使句是一种无主句,一般表示命令或请求、建议,真正的主语是“你”。

  Close the window!

  be动词加形容词,表达情感或状态 Be careful!

  2.否定形式是在前边加don’t

  some / any

  1.表示不确定数量的词,意思是“一些”。

  any被译为“任何”

  some用于肯定句 any用于否定句和疑问句

  some / any表示不确定数量,后边加可数名词的复数或不可数名词

  some of + 名词的复数 (some相当于代词)……中间的一些

  none of us / any of the students / any of them

  双宾语

  有些动词后可以跟两个宾语,一个直接宾语,一个间接宾语

  一般情况下,物是直接宾语,人是间接宾语。

  1.人要用代词的宾格

  2.双宾语句型直接宾语的用法可以转换成:把物提前+to+人

  宾语补足语

  一个动词+代词或名词+形容词

  Paint the bookcase pink!

  Lesson 39 Don’t drop it! 别摔了!

  新单词:front、in front of、careful、vase、drop、flower

  cold front:冷风

  warm front:暖风

  front line:前线

  front teeth:门牙

  front row:前排

  front page news:头版新闻

  in front of(不属于同一范围)

  in the front of(属于同一范围)

  There is a garden in front of the building.

  There is a blackboard in the front of the classroom.

  祈使句

  1.普通动词原形+其它(名词或代词)

  2.be动词+形容词

  sweep the floor / dust the dressing table

  Be careful!

  Be quiet!

  祈使句的否定形式是在其前边加Don’t

  Don’t be silly!

  care n. & v. 护理

  skin and hair care

  medical care / special care 医疗护理/特殊护理

  Cross the road with care!

  take care of / look after

  care v. 在乎

  I don’t care about money.

  I don’t care (about) you.

  I don’t care (about) what people think.

  care for 喜欢(常用于否定句和疑问句)

  She doesn’t really care for red wine.

  flour:面粉

  flower:各种各样的花草

  bloom:只供观赏的花

  blossom:开完花结果实

  do with

  What are you going to do?

  What are you going to do with the vase?

  ★ Text

  Lesson thirty-nine: Don’t drop it!

  What are you going to do with that vase, Penny?

  I’m going to put it on this table, Sam.

  Don’t do that.

  Give it to me.

  What are you going to do with it?

  I’m going to put it here, in front of the window.

  Be careful.

  Don’t drop it!

  Don’t put it there, Sam.

  Put it here, on this shelf.

  There we are!

  It’s a lovely vase.

  Those flowers are lovely, too.

  What are you going to do with that vase, Penny? 助动词

  Don’t do that. 实义动词

  Lesson 40 What are you going to do? 你准备做什么?

  I’m going to… 我准备……

  新单词:show、send、take

  fashion show / talk show

  shower / take a shower / have a shower

  show around:带某人四处转转

  I’m going to show the picture to my mother.

  Put on your coat!

  I’m going to put it on.

  Put on your shoes!

  I’m going to put them on.

  动词加介词的词组,再加名词的话,可以放中间,也可以放后边,而如果是代词,则只能放中间。

  第十五课听课笔记

  Lesson 41 Penny’s bag

  新单词:cheese、bread、soap、chocolate、sugar、coffee、tea、tobacco

  One, two , three, cheese!

  Who moved my cheese?

  Steamed bread 馒头

  long noodle / dumping

  Life is just like a box of chocolate. You will never know what you’ll get from it.

  Don’t let others feel better than you.

  sugar:(方、白砂)糖

  sweet:(英式)糖果

  candy:(美式)糖果

  sugar candy:冰糖

  sweet heart:亲爱的

  dear:亲爱的

  sugar report:love letter

  sugar daddy:

  coffee:咖啡

  coffin:棺材

  black coffee:纯咖啡

  white coffee:(加牛奶的)咖啡

  coffee bean:咖啡豆

  coffee bar:咖啡吧

  coffee house:咖啡吧

  black tea:红茶

  green tea:绿茶

  scented(jasmine) tea:(茉莉)花茶

  chamomlle tea:菊花茶

  milk tea:奶茶

  brick tea:砖茶

  tea break、coffee break、make the tea:沏茶

  语法

  不可数名词:

  1)不可数名词在表示量的概念时也叫部分词。

  a piece of paper / bread / chalk

  a sheet of paper/ a kilo of water

  two pieces of paper / three sheets of paper / five kilos of water

  2)不可数名词在表示量的概念时要用某种容器。

  a bottle of beer / a glass of milk

  five bottles of beer / six glasses of milk

  3)用容器表示可数名词时,可数名词用复数

  a box of pens

  ★ Text

  Lesson forty-one: Penn’s bag

  Is that bag heavy, Penn?

  Not very.

  Here!

  Put it on this chair.

  What’s in it?

  A piece of cheese.

  A loaf of bread.

  A bar of soap.

  A bar of chocolate.

  A bottle of milk.

  A pound of sugar.

  Half a pound of coffee.

  A quarter of a pound of tea.

  And a tin of tobacco.

  Is that tin of tobacco for me?

  Well, it’s certainly not for me!

  Lesson 42 Is there a…in / on that…? 在那个…中/上有一个…吗?

  Is there any…in / on that…? 在那个…中/上有…吗?

  Lesson 43 Hurry up! 快点!

  新单词:of course、kettle、behind、teapot、now、find、boil

  of course / certainly / sure

  in front of:表示方位

  before:表示时间

  behind:表示方位

  after:表示时间

  run after

  find:找到(结果)

  find out:(抽象东西)查明事情的真相

  look for:寻找的动作 We are looking for a lost pen. But it is not sure you can find it.

  search:搜索

  discover:(重新经过努力)发现

  invent:发明

  explore:探索(找到什么东西一切不可预测)

  复习语法

  情态动词

  must

  1.本身具有实际意义的助动词

  2.不能单独做谓语,只能后边跟动词原形

  3.没有人称和数词的变化

  4.否定句在情态动词后加not,一般疑问句则把情态动词提前

  can / can’t

  I can make the tea.

  I can’t make the tea.

  Can you make the tea?

  Yes, I can.

  No, I can’t.

  What must I do?

  What can you do?

  ★ Text

  Lesson forty-three: Hurry up!

  Can you make the tea, Sam?

  Yes, of course I can, Penny.

  Is there any water in this kettle?

  Yes, there is.

  Where’s the tea?

  It’s over there, behind the teapot.

  Can you see it?

  I can see the teapot, but I can’t see the tea.

  There it is!

  It’s in front of you.

  Ah yes, I can see it now.

  Where are the cups?

  There are some in the cupboard.

  Can you find them?

  Yes. Here they are.

  Hurry up, Sam.

  The kettle’s boiling.

  Lesson 44 Are there any…? 有些吗?

  Is there any…? 有些吗?

  Lesson 45 The boss’s letter 老板的信

  新单词:can、boss、minute、ask、handwriting、terrible

  boss:(大的实体)的头

  manager:经理

  owner:(小商店)的店主

  leader:领袖

  head:首脑 head hunter:猎头

  lord:统治者、主(耶酥)

  landlord:地主

  master:主人

  lady:对女性有礼貌的称呼,也可代表有权力的女性

  chief:部落、族长、首领

  chief executive officer

  year:年

  month:月

  season:季

  week:星期

  day:天

  hour:小时

  minute:分钟

  second:秒

  quarter:一刻钟、季度

  decade:十年

  century:百年、世纪

  a minute:一会儿

  ask:要求、请求

  request:书面体、更为正式的请求

  beg:乞求

  ask+名词或代词(宾格)

  ask her / ask them

  ask sb. to do sth. 要求某人做事(动词不定式)

  The boss is going to ask Pamela to type a letter for him.

  The teacher is going to ask the students to sweep the floor.

  ★ Text

  Can come here a minute please, Bob?

  Yes, sir?

  Where’s Pamela?

  She’s next door.

  She’s in her office, sir.

  Can she type this letter for me?

  Ask her please.

  Yes, sir.

  Can you type this letter for the boss please, Pamela?

  Yes, of course I can.

  Here you are.

  Thank you, Bob.

  Bob!

  Yes?

  What’s the matter?

  I can’t type this letter.

  I can’t read it.

  The boss’s handwriting is terrible!

  第十六课听课笔记

  Lesson 46 Can you…?

  新单词:lift、cake、biscuit

  Lesson 47 A cup of coffee

  新单词:like、want、fresh、egg、butter、pure、honey、ripe、banana、jam、sweet、orange、Scotch whisky、choice、apple、wine、beer、blackboard

  like:喜欢(人、东西)

  love:爱

  fancy:(不正式的用语中)喜欢

  adore:热爱(程度较深)

  care for:喜欢(更多在书面用语中)

  be fond of:喜欢

  be keen on:喜欢

  take to:开始喜欢

  cherish:珍惜(长时间喜欢)

  like prep. 像

  重点语法:

  一般现在时:

  1.表示现在的事实或是状态。

  It is very hot today.

  She lives in Paris.

  2.表示现在的习惯或反复的动作。

  She gets up at 7 o’clock every day.

  3.代替一般将来时。

  Do you come tomorrow?

  结构:

  1.主语+be动词 疑问句要把be动词提前,主语放后;

  2.主语+动词原形 否定句要借助于don’t 第三人称单数要借助于doesn’t 疑问句do加主语,后面是动词原形;does加主语,后面是动词原形

  (回答时:be问be答、do问do答、does问does答、can问can答――用什么问用什么答)

  I like music.

  I don’t like music.

  Do you like music.

  Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.

  What do you like?

  动词加s(es)规则:

  一般动词直接加-s

  辅音字母加y结尾,要变y为i加es

  s, x, sh, ch, z结尾的单词加-es变化(如:wash、pass、fix、watch、buzz)

  频率副词:

  often

  sometimes

  always

  usually

  never

  1.在句子中用在be动词之后。

  2.用在行为动词之前。

  3.如果是否定句或是疑问句用在助动词和行为动词之间。

  4.为表示强调频率副词可以放在句首或者是句尾。

  表示时间的词:

  一天中的一段时间

  in the morning

  in the afternoon

  at night

  every引导的词:every year、every day、every month、every Monday、every Sunday、every week

  ★ Text

  Lesson forty-seven: A cup of coffee

  Do you like coffee, Ann?

  Yes, I do.

  Do you want a cup?

  Yes, please, Christine.

  Do you want any sugar?

  Yes, please.

  Do you want any milk?

  No, thank you.

  I don’t like milk in my coffee.

  I like black coffee.

  Do you like biscuits?

  Yes, I do.

  Do you want one?

  Yes, please.

  第十七课听课笔记

  Lesso 49 At the butcher’s

  新单词:butcher、meat、beef、lamb、husband、steak、mince、chicken、tell、truth、either

  butcher:v. (为了吃肉)屠杀动物

  kill:杀害 kill the time:打发时间

  murder:谋杀

  massacre:(大规模地对没有反抗力的人的)屠杀

  band 6 六级

  band 4 四级

  music band 乐队

  rare:比较嫩的牛排

  medium:中等的,六七分熟的牛排

  well-done:全熟的牛排

  steak ~

  tell:告诉

  say:说,强调说话的内容

  speak:讲话,强调说话的动作;讲某种语言

  talk:谈话,侧重于交流 talk show

  chat:聊天 chat room 聊天室 chitchat

  discuss:讨论

  debate:辩论

  dialogue:对话,一般有一个固定的话题,围绕它来谈

  tell a lie:撒谎

  tell the truth:说实话

  My mother is a teacher, my father is a teacher too.

  I don’t like music, my brother doesn’t like music either.

  ★ Text

  Lesson forth-nine: At the butcher’s

  Do you want any meat today, Mrs. Bird?

  Yes, please.

  Do you want beef or lamb?

  Beef, please.

  This lamb’s very good.

  I like lamb, but my husband doesn’t.

  What about some steak?

  This is a nice piece.

  Give me that piece, please.

  And a pound of mince, too.

  Do you want a chicken, Mrs. Bird?

  They’re very nice.

  No, thank you.

  My husband likes steak, but he doesn’t like chicken.

  To tell you the truth, Mrs. Bird, I don’t like chicken either.

  to的第一种词性是个介词

  go to school

  look forward to 渴望,期望

  介词后面加动词要加-ing形式

  to的第二种用法:动词不定式的小品词

  动词不定式不能做谓语的

  动词不定式可以做主语,表语,宾语,宾语补足语,定语

  Lesso 50 He likes…But he doesn’t like

  新单词:tomato、potato、cabbage、lettuce、pea、bean、pear、grape、peach

  Lesson 51 A pleasant climate

  新单词:Greece、climate、country、pleasant、weather、spring、windy、warm、rain、sometimes、summer、autumn、winter、snow、January、February、March、April、May、June、July、August、September、October、November、December

  英语中的五大句型

  1.主语+不及物动词

  It rains in spring.

  The sun rises.

  2.主系表结构(系动词包括:be动词和感官动词)

  I am a teacher.

  3.主语+及物动词+宾语

  I have finished my homework.

  I like music.

  4.IODO(主语+谓语+间接宾语+直接宾语)

  Give me an apple.

  5.主语+谓语+复合宾语

  paint it pink

  Greek 希腊人,希腊的

  Greek gift 不怀好意的礼物

  That’s Greek to me. 我一点都不懂。

  climate:一般指长时间、大范围的气候

  weather:短期内天气状况的变化

  What’s the climate like in your country?

  What’s the weather like in spring?

  nationality:国籍

  nation:国家、民族

  state:国家、政府

  land:国家、国土

  homeland:祖国

  motherland

  country:乡下

  present:礼物,现在

  parent:父母

  peasant:农民

  president:总统

  windy joy:空欢喜

  time:时间(不可数名词);次数(可数名词)

  sometimes:有时

  some times:一些次数

  sometime:某时

  some time:一些时间

  fall:秋天(美语)

  come from:来自

  I come from China.

  I don’t come from China.

  Do you come from China?

  Where do you come from?

  ★ Text

  Lesson fifty-one A pleasant climate

  Where do you come from?

  I come from Greece.

  What’s the climate like in your country?

  It’s very pleasant.

  What’s the weather like in spring?

  It’s often windy in March.

  It’s always warm in April and May, but it rains sometimes.

  What’s it like in summer?

  It’s always hot in June, July and August.

  The sun shines every day.

  Is it cold or warm in autumn?

  It’s always warm in September and October.

  It’s often cold in November and it rains sometimes.

  Is it very cold in winter?

  What is it in winter?

  It’s often cold in December, January and February.

  It snows sometimes.

  第十八课听课笔记

  I think therefore I am.

  Lesson 52 What nationality are they?

  Where do they come from?

  新单词:the U.S.、Brazil、Holland、England、France、Germany、Italy、Norway、Russia、Spain、Sweden

  American、Brazilian、Dutch、English、French、German、Greek、Italian、Norwegian、Russian、Spanish、Swedish

  Lesson 53 An interesting climate

  新单词:mild、always、north、east、wet、west、south、season、best、night、rise、early、set、late、interesting、subject、conversation

  wild:野性的

  mild:温暖的;(人)性格温和的(与生俱来)

  gentle:温和的,文雅的(后天)

  in the north:在北方

  wet:程度最强 all in wet 全身湿透

  damp:表明不干燥,湿润、潮湿

  humid:专业

  moist:舒服的潮湿

  good:好

  better:比较级 I like spring best. Which seasons do you like best? I like spring and summer best.

  best:最高级

  subject:n. 话题;[语法]主语;科目

  tell:告诉

  say:说,强调说话的内容

  speak:讲话,强调说话的动作;讲某种语言

  talk:谈话,侧重于交流 talk show

  chat:聊天 chat room 聊天室 chitchat

  discuss:讨论

  debate:辩论

  dialogue:对话,一般有一个固定的话题,围绕它来谈

  conversation:谈话(随意的交流)

  ★ Text

  Lesson fifty-three: An interesting climate

  Where do you come from?

  I come from England.

  What’s the climate like in you country?

  It’s mild, but it’s not always pleasant.

  The weather’s often cold in the North, and windy in the East.

  It’s often wet in the West and sometimes warm in the South.

  Which seasons do you like best?

  I like spring and summer.

  The days are long and the nights are short. The sun rises early and sets late.

  I don’t like autumn and winter.

  The days are short and the nights are long. The sun rises late and sets early.

  Our climate is not very good, but it’s certainly interesting.

  It’s our favorite subject of conversation.

  Lesson 54 What nationality are they?

  Where do they come from?

  第十九课听课笔记

  If someone has deceived you, don’t get angry with him, because everybody wants to make a living. And the way of life is so narrow that you cannot but run into others.

  如果有人欺骗了你,不要和他生气,因为每个人都得求生。生活的路对每个人都很狭窄,有的时候你不得不碰撞别人。

  It’s nearly the end of the last year, most of us have the habits to recollect what happened in the last year: something good, something bad, something sad, something happy… But no matter what happened, I think, the best choice for everybody is try to be happy.

  Lesson 55 The Sawyer family

  新单词:live、stay、home、housework、lunch、afternoon、usually、together、evening、arrive、night

  live:长期居住在…;短期住

  dwell:合法居住

  inhabit:世世代代居住在…

  reside:(正式用语)居住在…

  live in/live at

  My uncle lives in Paris.

  The Sawyers live at 87 King Street.

  Where do they live?/ Where does she(he) live?

  Live (a.) live show:现场演出

  make a live:谋生

  live for:为……而活者

  homeless:无家可归

  homesick:思乡的

  hometown:家乡

  homely:家常的

  homeland:祖国

  homemade:自制的

  home alone:独自在家(小鬼当家)

  地点副词:here,there,home,upstairs,downstairs,downtown,abroad

  这些地点副词前面不能加介词

  do one’s housework

  do the housework

  breakfast:早餐

  lunch:午餐

  supper:晚餐

  dinner:正餐,宴会

  meal:一顿饭 three meals a day

  in the afternoon

  in the evening

  at night

  arrive in/at

  go to work:去上班

  go to school:去上学

  take sb. to somewhere:带某人去……

  see one’s friends:拜访……的朋友

  drink tea together:一起喝茶

  come home from school:从学校回家

  come home from work:下班回家

  arrive home:到家

  live at, go to work, go to school, take to, stay at home, do the housework, eat one’s lunch, see one’s friends, drink tea togher, come home from school, arrive home, come home from work, do one’s homework, go to bed, read one’s paper, wathe TV

  The Sawyers live at 87 King Street.

  In the morning, Mr. Sawyer goes to work and the children go to school.

  Their father takes them to school every day.

  Mrs. Sawyer stays at home every day.

  She does the housework.

  She always eats her lunch at noon.

  In the afternoon, she always sees her friends.

  They often drink tea together.

  In the evening, the children come home from school.

  They arrive home early.

  Mrs. Sawyer comes home from work.

  He arrives home late.

  At night, the children always do their homework.

  Then go to bed.

  Mr. Sawyer usually reads his newspaper, but sometimes he and his wife watch television.

  by――表示某种方式

  by car/bus/train

  They go to school by car every day.

  They are going to school by bus today.

  on foot

  The children are going to school on foot.

  at+时间

  The children come home from school at 5 every day.

  Lesson 57 An unusual day

  新单词:o’clock、shop、moment

  What’s the time?/What time is it?

  It’s … o’clock.(表示整点)

  past(表示半点前)

  Ten past seven.

  Twenty past nine.

  half(表示半点)

  It’s half past eight.

  It’s half past ten.

  to(表示半点以后)

  Ten to seven.

  Twenty to four.

  Two to two.

  quarter(表示一刻钟)

  a quarter

  A quarter past one.

  It’s a quarter to four.

  It’s a quarter past nine.

  It’s a quarter to seven.

  shopping center:购物中心

  shopping mall:大型购物中心

  supermarket:超市

  go to the shops:逛商店(买东西)

  go shopping:购物

  do some shopping:买东西

  shoplift:从商店中偷东西

  shoplifter:商店扒手

  window shop:只看不买

  at the moment:现在,此刻

  for a moment:一会儿

  at any moment:任何时候

  at the last moment:在最后一刻

  in a moment:不久

  at the very moment:就在非常的那一刻

  at that moment:就在那一刻

  ★ Text

  It is eight o’clock.

  The children go to school by car every day, but today, they are going to school on foot.

  It is ten o’clock.

  Mrs. Sawyer usually stays at home in the morning, but this morning, she is going to the shops.

  It is four o’clock.

  In the afternoon, Mrs. Sawyer usually drinks tea in the living room.

  But this afternoon, she is drinking tea in the garden.

  It is six o’clock.

  In the evening, the children usually do their homework, but this evening, they are not doing their homework.

  At the moment, they are playing in the garden.

  It is nine o’clock.

  Mr. Sawyer usually reads his newspaper at night.

  But he’s not reading his newspaper tonight.

  At the moment, he’s reading an interesting book.

  第二十课听课笔记

  Lesson 58 What’s the time?

  He usually shaves at 7:00 o’clock, but today, he is shaving at 8:00.

  Lesson 59 Is that all? 就这些吗?

  新单词:envelope、writing paper、shop assistant、size、pad、glue、chalk、change

  paper(论文)/newspaper中的paper是可数的

  writing paper 是不可数的

  large size/small size/special size/medium size/pocket size/portable size

  大号/小号/特大号/中号/袖珍型的/便携式的

  pad(可数)、glue(不可数):a bottle of gule

  chalk(不可数) a piece of chalk/two pieces of chalk

  change v.&n. 改变

  change one’s mind:改变某人的想法、主意

  change into/turn into:改变

  The wizard changed the fog into a beautiful princess. (完全、彻底地改变)

  I have been working hard for so many years to turn my dream into reality. (同一件事情的延续)

  ★ Text

  I want some envelopes, please.

  Do you want the large size or the small size?

  The large size, please.

  Do you have any writing paper?

  Yes, we do.

  I don’t have any small pads.

  I only have large ones.

  Do you want a pad?

  Yes, please.

  And I want some glue.

  A bottle of glue.

  And I want a large box of chalk, too.

  I only have small boxes.

  Do you want one?

  No, thank you.

  Is that all?

  That’s all, thank you.

  What else do you want?

  I want my change.

  What else/Where else/Who else

  What else does the lady want?

  I’m going to H.K. next week. Where else are you going to go?

  I was talking to that lady just now. Who else do you want to talk?

  have 万能动词

  She has some envelopes.

  She doesn’t have any envelopes.

  Does she have any envelopes?

  Do you have any envelopes?

  have/has(第三人称单数)

  实义动词(表示实际意义的动词),意思是:①有/②代替很多普通动词

  ②代替很多普通动词,也可分为两种:

  1)如:eat one’s lunch/have one’s lunch;take/have some medicine;

  2)have a swim;have a chat ( talk, walk)(这里swim、talk、walk体现的是名词),have可以和具有名词和动词词性的普通动词进行搭配,前面的have表示的就是后面动词的意思。

  当have表示“有”这个概念的时候,其否定形式和疑问形式有两种。这种情况,可以在have/has后直接加not,也可以象普通动词那样,借助一般现在时助动词do / does来表示否定和疑问。

  I have a pen.

  I haven’t a pen./I don’t have a pen.

  I eat / have my lunch every day.

  I have a sister.

  I haven’t a sister. / I don’t have a sister.

  Have you a sister? / Do you have a sister?

  I have my lunch at twelve every day.

  I don’t have my lunch at twelve every day.

  Do you have your lunch at twelve every day?

  ③ have可以作为助动词,1)用于现在完成时;2)没有实际意义。

  Lesson 60 What’s the time? 几点钟?

  新单词:cheese、butter、eggs、jam、honey、bread、biscuits、potatoes、tomatoes、peas、beans、cabbages、lettuces、bananas、grapes、peaches、steak、mince、chicken、whisky、beer、wine、tobacco、soap

  Do you have any honey?

  Does she have any biscuits?

  Do they have any chicken?

  Do you have any whisky?

  Does he have any tobacco?

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